# SCHUMANN RESONANCE

### What is Schumann Resonance (SR)?

The Schumann Resonances (SR) are a spectrum of extremely low frequency (ELF) portion of the Earth’s electromagnetic field. Schumann resonances are global electromagnetic resonances, produced and excited by natural lightning discharges in the cavity formed by the Earth’s surface and the ionosphere. Schumann Resonance generators can produce the same beneficial frequency.

Schumann Resonance 7.83Hz diagram

For the last 200+ thousands of years, humans have been exposed only to natural radiation such as Schumann Resonance, sun and thunder radiation, and some geological radiation and our bodies have adapted to it. But in the last 10 years only, according to Olle Johansson, PhD, Associate Professor in Neuroscience at the Karolinska Institute, Sweden, we’ve increased the exposure to the man-made radiation quintillion times more – that is 1 000 000 000 000 000 000 times more! (18 zeros)

Watch this short video below about Schumann Resonance.

### Who discovered Schumann Resonance?

Winfried Otto Schumann, a German physicist, is credited with postulating mathematically this global electromagnetic resonance phenomenon in 1952 at 7.83Hz. Later in 1954, Schumann and his co-worker Herbert L. König, measured this frequency (Schumann & König 1954). In 1960, Balser and Wagner confirmed this theory with their measurements. They found the fundamental Schumann resonant frequencies to be 8, 14.1, 20.3, 26.4. and 32.5 Hz with the resonant cavity g at 8 Hz being ~4 (i.e., the half-power bandwidth is ~2 Hz).

Daily recordings of Schumann Resonance
You can see the day to day measurements of Schumann Resonance on this Russian website. Some people suggest that Schumann’s Resonance of the Earth has shifted to 35Hz or more but as you can see below it has been consistent with the original recording done by NASA in 1962. Schumann Resonance is a wavelength equal to the Earth’s circumference (according to Iona Miller and Ben Lonetree, 2014) so for the Schumann Resonance to rise, the diameter of the Earth would have to change.

Schumann Resonance in May 2022

Also, this website: CUMIANA VLF MONITORING STATION
Live data from CUMIANA (TO), NW Italy, south Europe – monitors frequency range: 1 to 30 Hz

Watch this video below on how Schumann resonance works.

### Research on the benefits of Schumann Resonance

Brainwave states and Schumann resonance of 7.83Hz
Hans Berger, a German scientist, built the first EEG (electroencephalograph) machine in the 1920s culminating with the first-ever recording of the brain’s frequencies. A colleague of Hans Berger, Dr. Anker Mueller, realised that the alpha frequency of the brain matches Schumann’s Resonance (after reading an article about SR in the journal Technische Physik). Herbert König (1979), who was Schumann’s successor at Munich University, further confirmed the link between Schumann Resonances and brain rhythms.

E. Jacobi, a researcher at the University of Dusseldorf demonstrated that the absence of Schumann Resonance can have a detrimental effect on physical and mental health. Also, research done by Prof R.Wever (1968) at the Max Planck Institute for Behavioural Physiology in Erling-Andechs had similar findings. A group of healthy volunteers was completely screened out magnetic fields in an underground bunker for four weeks. This resulted in their circadian rhythms deviated from the norm and they suffered emotional distress and headaches. When the Schumann Resonance was introduced back into the bunker environment, the volunteers’ health went back to normal.

Neurobiological studies (O’Keefe, Nadel, 1978) show that the resonance frequency of the hippocampus is 7.83Hz. Hippocampus has many functions such as attention, concentration and learning.

NASA has been researching Schumann Resonance from early on – it was actually NASA which confirmed the frequency in 1962 and by Prof. R. Wever and the biophysicist Dr W. Ludwig. Professor Persinger recognised that when astronauts came back to the Earth and experience all kinds of health problems is was due to lack of Schumann Resonance that they’ve experienced when out in the ionosphere. He built small Schumann Resonance generators, for astronauts to remedy the problem.

Other researchers studied the relationship between Schumann Resonance and wellness and confirmed beneficial physiological functions  (Funk, Monsees, Özkuzur 2009), (Aschoff 1954, Glass 2001 ).

A 2016 paper called “Similar Spectral Power Densities Within the Schumann Resonance and a Large Population of Quantitative Electroencephalographic Profiles: Supportive Evidence for Koenig and Pobachenko” from the Behavioural Neuroscience Laboratory of Canada’s Laurentian University discovered that 238 measurements from 184 individuals over a 3.5 year period “demonstrated unexpected similarities in the spectral patterns and strengths of electromagnetic fields generated by the human brain and the earth-ionospheric cavity.” The researchers described “real time coherence between variations in the Schumann and brain activity spectra within the 6–16 Hz band.”

Chicxulub impact, the end of dinosaurs and Schumann Resonance
It is suggested that the Chicxulub asteroid/comet impact in Yucatan, Mexico may have caused the big Schumann Resonances spike which might have contributed to the demise of the dinosaurs. “If Schumann resonances play a regulatory biological role, as some studies indicate, it is possible that the excitation and distortion of Schumann resonances as a result of the asteroid/comet impact was a possible stress factor, which, among other stress factors associated with the impact, contributed to the demise of dinosaurs.” suggest Zurab Silagadze in his paper Asteroid impact, Schumann resonances and the end of dinosaurs.

The Schumann Resonance Hypothesis
The Schumann Resonance Hypothesis has been proposed by Dr Neil Cherry, Associate Professor of Environmental Health (2002), Human Sciences Department, Lincoln University, Canterbury, New Zealand and states that “The Schumann Resonance signal is detected by the brain where it interacts with the EEG and through altering the melatonin/serotonin balance, it is the biophysical mechanism for the health effects of S-GMA”. Cherry, in a groundbreaking paper, explained the importance of the Schumann Resonances and why ionospheric disturbances can alter blood pressure and melatonin and cause “cancer, reproductive, cardiac and neurological disease and death”.

A typical daytime spectrum for the vertical electric field measured near Kingston, Rhode Island, showing the first five Schumann Resonances modes, Polk (1982).

How does the body register the Schumann frequency?
Studies at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) in Pasadena, USA suggest that the Earth’s magnetic field affects our brain’s functions. Our brains contain magnetite crystals (Fe3O4) which act as antennas to locate the Earth’s magnetic fields (Kirschvink, Kobayashi-Kirschvink & Woodford 1992).

Electrosmog can make the Schumann Resonance physiologically ineffective
With the huge increase of electrosmog (quintillion times more than 10 years ago, according to Olle Johansson, PhD, Associate Professor in Neuroscience at the Karolinska Institute, Sweden) our bodies are less exposed to the natural Earth frequency which can lead to our bodies becoming desynchronized from this beneficial frequency (Hecht 2011, Mulligan & Persinger 2012). That was initial experiences of the astronauts in space who were far from the Earth’s frequency and also when people experience other disturbances on Earth eg. solar storms (Cherry 2002).

7.83Hz frequency falls within the range of natural human alpha brainwaves which is an optimum state for well-being and healing. Helios3 is a Schumann Resonance generator, producing a frequency of 7.83Hz (sometimes called Schumann Wave or Earth’s heartbeat) which soothes the brain so your brain gets the same benefits as when you sleep in geopathic stress-free zones and with no electro-smog or when you’re grounded, walking barefoot on a beach or grass (or having a bath).

STATEBRAIN WAVE FREQUENCYASSOCIATED WITH
GammaAvarage 40 cycles per second; 25-100 HzThe 'aha!' moment; Moments of insight and problem solving; Lucid dreaming frequency; Increased sensory perception, mental activity and focus; Bliss
Beta14-21 cycles per second (cps) and higherWaking state, The five senses, Perception of time and space, Busy thinking and active processing
Alpha7-14 cpsRelaxation, Calm state, Healing, Light sleep, Mediation, Intuition, Dreaming, No time and space limitation, Lucid dreaming, Schumann Resonance
Theta4-7 cpsDeep sleep, Mediation, If conscious Witnessing state of awareness, REM sleep
Delta0-4 cpsDeep dreamless sleep, Loss of body awareness, You're unconscious at delta, If conscious Nondual Oneness awareness

The alpha brain waves help with depression, anxiety and insomnia – NHS study
New and real evidence suggests the connection between Schumann resonance and our brains which produce the same frequency in the range of 7.83Hz when relaxed and healing. In short, the alpha waves tell the body to reduce pain and start the healing process. The NHS trial in Leicestershire, UK tested the Alpha-Stim aid device which is based on cranial electrotherapy stimulation (CES) and sends tiny electrical currents via earlobes to boost the ‘alpha waves’ in the brain which can promote a relaxed, calm state. In this trial, 63 per cent of 161 patients in an NHS trial with a general anxiety disorder (GAD) who used the device the size of a mobile phone for six weeks, had achieved remission according to the Journal of Affective Disorders with comparable effectiveness to that of CBT (cognitive behaviour therapy). Richard Morriss, a professor of psychiatry at Nottingham University’s NHR MindTech centre, said, “Alpha-Stim CESS was more effective at achieving remission than expected. As well as improvements in anxiety, there were improvements in depression and insomnia.” The device costs £600 and if rented to patients it could save NHS about £540 per patient compared with existing treatments. The device is approved by America’s Food & Drug Administration. Three million people in the UK suffer from depression, and up to 5% of the population from generalised anxiety disorder (GAD), a long-term condition that can cause anxious feelings. The American maker of Alpha-Stim claims it has a cumulative positive effect and the NHS trials seem to corroborate that.

Helios3 Schumann Wave resonator is much cheaper and produces an ambient frequency of 7.83Hz so there is no need to carry a gadget – you can have the beneficial earth resonance in your home or workplace all the time.

Earthing or grounding connection – help with hype electrosensitivity
There are over 30 papers on the benefits of grounding or earthing. When we walk barefoot on the beach or grass we’re connected to the Earth’s frequency. People who are hype electrosensitive have been reporting beneficial effects of grounding for a long time now, confirming the latest research that grounding reduces inflammation and stress.

### Research and references on the Schumann Resonance and the benefits

Aschoff, J. (1954): Zeitgeber der tierischen Tagesperiodik. Naturwissenschaften 41, 49-56

Balser, M.& Wagner, C.A. (1962). “Effect of a high-altitude nuclear detonation on the earth-ionosphere cavity.”  J. Geophys. Res.  Vol. 63, No. 13, pp. 4115-4118.

Barra, R., Llanwyn Jones, D. & Rodger, C.J. (2000): ELF and VLF radio waves. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics 62, 1689-1718

doi:10.1029/2006RS003495

Better sleep and increased wellness through the stabilisation of circadian rhythms (Wever 1973, Cherry 2002)

Better memory performance through stimulation of the hippocampus
O’Keefe, J. & Nadel, L. (1978): The hippocampus as a cognitive map. Clarendon Press, Oxford

Bliokh, P.V., Nikolaenko, A.P., Filippov, Yu. F., Schumann Resonances in the Earth-Ionosphere Cavity (London, 1980);

Cannon, P.S., Rycroft MJ. Schumann resonance frequency variations during sudden ionospheric disturbances. J Atmos Sol Terr Phys. 1982;44(2):201-206. doi:10.1016/0021-9169(82)90124-6.

Cherry, N. (2002), Schumann Resonances, a plausible biophysical mechanism for the human health effects of Solar/Geomagnetic Activity, Human Sciences Department, Lincoln University, Canterbury, New Zealand

Cherry, N. (2002): Schumann Resonances, a plausible biophysical mechanism for the human health effects of Solar/Geomagnetic Activity. Natural Hazards 26, 279–331

Cherry, N.J., 2003,  Human intelligence: The brain, an electromagnetic system synchronised by the Schumann Resonance signal, Medical Hypotheses 60(60):843-4

Cherry, N.J.,  Cell phone radiation poses a serious biological and health risk
http://www.drscheiner-muenchen.de/Cherryeng.htm

Chizhevkii, A.L.; “The earth in the universe”, (Edit. by Fedynskii, V.V.), 280, NASA TT F-345 TT 66-51025, 1968).

Ćosić I, Cvetković D, Fang Q, Jovanov E, Lazoura H. Human electrophysiological signal responses to ELFSchumann resonance and artificial electromagnetic fields. FME Transactions. 2006;34:93-103. http://scindeks-clanci.ceon.rs/data/pdf/1450-8230/2006/1450-82300602093C.pdf. Accessed July 18, 2018.

Michał Dyrda Andrzej Kulak Janusz Mlynarczyk Michał Ostrowski Jerzy Kubisz Adam Michalec Zenon Nieckarz (2014). Application of the Schumann resonance spectral decomposition in characterizing the main African thunderstorm center. https://doi.org/10.1002/2014JD022613

Improved mental performance by synchronising neuronal rhythms (Rutishauser et al., 2010, Mulligan & Persinger 2012)
Rutishauser, U. et al. (2010): Human memory strength is predicted by theta-frequency phase-locking of single neurons. Nature 464, 903-907

Mulligan, B. P. & Persinger, M. A. (2012): Experimental simulation of the effects of sudden increases in geomagnetic activity upon quantitative measures of human brain activity: Validation of correlational studies. Neuroscience Letters 516, 54– 56

Improved bone formation by stimulating osteoblasts
Aaron, R. K. & Ciombor, D. M. (1996): Acceleration of experimental endochondral ossification by stimulation of the progenitor cell pool. J Orthop Res 14, 582–589

Increased immunity and cancer protection
Liebermann, P. M., Wölfler A. & Shauenstein, K. (2001): Melatonin and immune functions. In: Bartsch, C. et al. (eds), The Pineal Gland and Cancer. Springer, Berlin, 371–383.

Pablo Fdez-Arroyabe, Jesus Fornieles-Callejón, Ana Santurtún, Leonna Szangolies, Reik V Donner (2020). Schumann resonance and cardiovascular hospital admission in the area of Granada, Spain: An event coincidence analysis approach.

Fewer heart attacks through increasing HRV (Heart Rate Variability) (Lyskov et al., 2001)

Friedman, H., Becker, R.O., and Bachman, C.H.;”Geomagnetic parameters and psychiatric hospital admissions”, Nature, 200, pp. 626-628, (1963).

Funk, R., Monsees, T. & Özkucur, N. (2009): Electromagnetic effects – From cell biology to medicine. Progress in Histochemistry and Cytochemistry 43, 177–264

Glass, L. (2001): Synchronization and rhythmic processes in physiology. Nature 410, 277–84

Gnevyshev, M.N. and Novikova, K.F.; “The influence of solar activity on the earth’s biosphere”, J. interdiscipl.  Cycle Res. vol. 3, number 1, pp. 99-104, (1972).

Hecht, K. (2011): Langzeitwirkungen von Elektrosmog – Ursache von unspezifischen Regulationsstörungen (multimor- bide klinische Befunde). Schriftenreihe Kompetenzinitiative zum Schutz von Mensch, Umwelt und Demokratie Heft 6

Kirschvink, J. L., Kobayashi-Kirschvink, A. & Woodford, B. J. (1992): Magnetite biomineralization in the human brain (iron/extremely low frequency magnetic fields). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Biophysics 89, 7683-7687

König, H.L.,  Bioinformation – Electrophysical Aspects. In: Electromagnetic Bioinformation, Popp, F.A., Becker,G., König, H.L.Peschka,W.,(eds.) Urban und Schwarzenberg,  p 25, 1979

Laine, Unto. (2019). AURORAL CRACKLING SOUNDS AND SCHUMANN RESONANCES. Conference: 26th International Congress on Sound and Vibration 7-11 July 2019 At: Montreal

Less sensitivity to pain (Eccles 2005)

Lewicki, D.R., Schaut, G.H., & Persinger, M.A. Geophysical variables and behavior: XLIV. Days of subjective precognitive experiences and the days before the actual events display correlated geomagnetic activity. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 1987, 65, 173-174

Lipa, B.J., Sturrock, P.A. and Rogot, F.; “Search for correlation between geomagnetic disturbances and mortality”, Nature, 259, pp. 302-304, (1976).

Lonetree, B., & Miller, I. (2013). The Sedona Effect: Correlations between Geomagnetic Anomalies, EEG Brainwaves & Schumann Resonance. Journal of Consciousness Exploration & Research, 4(6).

Ludwig, W. (1999) `Informative Medizin’,  VGM Verlag fuer Ganzheitsmedizin, Essen

Malin, S.R.C. and Srivastava, B.J.; “Correlations between heart attacks and magnetic activity”, Nature, 277, pp. 646-648, (1979).

Miller, I. (2003). Schumann Resonance. Nexus Magazine, vol 10, 3

Miller, I, (2013) Schumann Resonance, Psychophysical Regulation & Psi (Part I), Journal of Consciousness Exploration & Research

Nicholaenka, A.P., Hayakawa, M. and Hobara, Y., (1996) Temporal variations of the global lightning activity deduced from the Schumann resonance data. J. Atmosph Terrest Physics 58(15): 1699-1709.

Oschman, J. (2002) The electromagnetic environment: implications for bodywork: Part 2: Biological effects

Ouyang, X, et al, (2013), Schumann resonance observation in China and anomalous disturbance possibly associated with Tohoku M9.0 earthquake

Persinger, M. A. (1967): The effects of pulsating magnetic fields upon the behavior and gross physiological changes of the albino rat. Thesis. University of Wisconsin, Madison

Persinger, M. A. (2014) Schumann Resonance Frequencies Found Within Quantitative Electroencephalographic Activity: Implications for Earth-Brain Interactions, International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy

Persinger, M.A. Geophysical variables and behavior: LXXI. Differential contribution of geomagnetic activity to paranormal experiences concerning death and crisis: An alternative to the ESP hypothesis. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 1993, 76, 555-562

Polk C. 1982 Schumann resonances. In Volland H, ed. CRC Handbook of Atmospherics. Vol. 1. Boca Raton, Fla: CRC Press; 1982:111-178. https://archive.org/stream/in.ernet.dli.2015.132044/2015.132044.Crc-Handbook-Of-Atmospherics-Vol-1#page/n115/mode/2up/search/polk. Accessed June 18, 2018

Kevin S. Saroka, David E. Vares, Michael A. Persinger (2016). Similar Spectral Power Densities Within the Schumann Resonance and a Large Population of Quantitative Electroencephalographic Profiles: Supportive Evidence for Koenig and Pobachenko. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0146595

Satori, G., 1996: “Monitoring Schumann Resonances – I Methodology”. J. Atmos. Terrest. Physics 58(13): 1475-1481.

Satori, G., 1996: “Monitoring Schumann Resonances – II Daily and Seasonal frequency variations”. J. Atmos. Terrest. Physics 58(13): 1483-1488.

Sentmen, D.D., “Schumann Resonances” in Handbook of Atmospheric Electrodynamics , (ed. Volland), Vol. I, 267-295. Boca Raton: CRC Press, 1995.

Sentman, D.D. and Fraser, B.J., 1991: “Simultaneous observations of Schumann Resonances in California and Australia: Evidence for intensity modulation by local height of the D Region”. J. Geophysical Res. 96(A9): 15973-15984.

Schlegel, K., and Füllekrug, M. (2007), 50 Years of Schumann Resonance

Sentman, D.D., Schumann resonance spectra in a two-scale-height earth-ionosphere cavity, J. Geophys. Res ., 101, 9479, 1996.

Schumann, W.O. (1952): Über die strahlungslosen Eigenschwingungen einer leitenden Kugel, die von einer Luftschicht und einer Ionosphärenhülle umgeben ist. Z. Naturforsch 7a, 149

Schumann, W.O. & König, H.L. (1954): Über die Beobachtung von Atmospherics bei geringsten Frequenzen. Naturwissenschaften 41, 183

Studies on the shift in the frequency of the first Schumann resonance mode during a solar proton event, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 10.1016/j.jastp.2010.04.004, 72, 11-12, (829-836), (2010).

Schlegel, K., Füllekrug, M., 1999 Resonance parameter changes during high‐energy particle precipitation, Journal of Geophysical Research

Silagadze, Z.K. (2021). Asteroid impact, Schumann resonances and the end of dinosaurs. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physleta.2021.127156

G Tatsis, V Christofilakis, S K Chronopoulos, G Baldoumas, A Sakkas, A K Paschalidou, P Kassomenos, I Petrou, P Kostarakis, C Repapis, V Tritakis (2020). Study of the variations in the Schumann resonances parameters measured in a southern Mediterranean environment.

Tran, A. and Polk, C., 1979: “Schumann resonances and electrical conductivity of the atmosphere and lower ionosphere- I. Effects of conductivity at various altitudes on resonance frequencies and attenuation”. J Atmos Terrest Physics 41: 1241-1248.

Wever, R. (1968): Einfluß schwacher elektro-magnetischer Felder auf die circadiane Periodik des Menschen. Naturwissenschaften 55, 29-32

Wever, R. (1973): Human circadian rhythms under the influence of weak electric fields and the different aspects of these studies. Int. J. Biometeorol. 17, 227

Williams, E.R., 1992: “The Schumann Resonance: A global tropical thermometer”. Science 256 (23 May 1992) 1184-1187.

Various; “Biological Rhythms in Psychiatry and medicine,” {Pub. U.S. Dept. of Health, Education, and Welfare.)  Public Health Service Publication No. 2080.   1970. – Sections: ‘The Cosmic Receiver and Sunspots and Behavior’.  Chap. 1., pp. 12-14.

Votis, C. I, et al (2018). A new portable ELF Schumann resonance receiver: design and detailed analysis of the antenna and the analog front-end

SCHUMANN RESONANCE
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